Disc bulges, herniated discs

and Sciatica

A spinal disc is the natural shock absorber and also allows movement of the spine. 

A bulging disc is actually a very common condition in our spine. It is natural wear and tear, the older we become, the more discs can bulge.

Difference bulging disc and herniated disc

The spinal disc consists of 2 parts: 

  • the inner nucleus: is a jelly-like structure, a bit comparable with the liquid part inside a chocolate cake. 

  • The outer annulus fibrosus: the more dense part of the cartilage. 

 

When a disc is moving out as a whole, it’s called a disc bulge. When the outer ring (annulus) is damaged and the inner nucleus is escaping from within the disc, it’s called a herniated disc.

Causes

  • Spinal degeneration (wear and tear)

  • Repetitive trauma such as shocks from work or sports, or poor posture can lead to degeneration of the discs. 

  • An acute injury with heavy lifting or in an accident (although most disc problems due to an acute injury already had some kind of degeneration)

 

Initial bulging or herniation might be symptom free. A bit more chronic condition will usually give a broad ache in the area, often accompanied with muscle tightness. When the disc is heading towards the nerve root (beginning of the nerve), it can cause inflammation of that nerve. 

Sciatica is a condition where the nerve gets irritated and refers into the leg. The further down the leg you feel the sensations, the more the nerve will be irritated. Early stage nerve irritation will only give different sensations (numbness, pins and needles), more inflammation or nerve compression can result in loss of strength of the limb.

Disc bulge Treatment

Sciatica treatment

At Physio K, we will determine the best course of treatment for you. It is important to know exactly what you have, before moving on to a solution. We will provide a thorough assessment to determine what specifically is causing your problems. Treatment is predominantly determined by the stage of your healing as more chronic pains will require longer and different treatment than more acute ones. 

 

We are very experienced in the treatment of all kinds of low back pain and neck pain and will provide you with the best outcome in order to get you moving well again.

Physio K

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02 9389 6344

Suite 809/251 Oxford St,   

Bondi Junction NSW 2022 

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